In this GDC talk from 2016 Ian Schreiber (Game designer and educator) talks about his curriculum for his Game Balance college-level course.
Not a teacher you say? It will still give you plenty of topics to look into as well as some assignments for you to try.
In his talk he links to his old course available here.
Check out Ian’s books on game design as well as his upcoming book on game balance.
Follow Ian on Twitter: @IanSchreiber